Why Mediate Medical Malpractice Cases?
Medical malpractice cases are expensive and time-consuming to litigate and require specialized knowledge and understanding of complex medical issues. Mediated settlement negotiations offer numerous advantages over jury trials. The emotional toll, expense, potential damage to reputation, and uncertainty of success at trial, among other things, make medical malpractice cases particularly well-suited for mediation.
The Benefits of Mediating Medical Malpractice Cases
Medical malpractice mediation is less costly than preparing and conducting a multi-day trial. Eliminating the expense of multiple experts appearing and testifying at trial affords parties greater flexibility in settlement negotiations. For example, some medical malpractice insurance policies are eroding policies, meaning the cost of defense is deducted from the insurance limit. Higher litigation costs result in less money available to a defendant to settle a case. In the reverse, the added cost of going to trial reduces a plaintiff’s net recovery from a jury verdict. Mediation avoids prohibitive expenses and if successful, guarantees an immediate recovery without the added time, cost, and uncertainty associated with post-trial motions and appeals.
There is also a profound emotional cost in a medical malpractice trial. Medical malpractice trials can take an emotional toll on plaintiffs and family members who are forced to relive the trauma associated with a catastrophic injury or possibly death. On the other side of the courtroom, the emotional toll on the defendant health care professionals can be equally severe as the medical defendants suffer humiliation and shame from being accused of harming a patient. Mediation affords plaintiffs and their families a safe environment to talk openly about how an injury has impacted their lives. It also provides defendants an opportunity to express remorse even if they do not believe they were negligent.
Mediation is far more efficient and convenient than trial. Physicians and other individual healthcare providers may take days or even weeks away from their practice to prepare for and testify at trial. Mediation may last only one or two days and can be scheduled so as not to disrupt a physician’s practice. Defendants may also insist on making confidentiality a condition in a mediated settlement agreement, thereby avoiding the negative publicity of a large jury verdict.
Mediation also gives parties an opportunity to disentangle claims against multiple defendants with varying degrees of exposure. Target defendants (those who believe they may have a greater risk of exposure or liability) have an opportunity to settle early. Partial settlements can help an injured plaintiff manage their immediate needs while pursuing claims against the remaining defendants. For example, a plaintiff who requires nursing care or extensive rehabilitation may not otherwise have the resources to stick it out until trial. A partial settlement can provide the money necessary to get therapies started sooner rather than later.
Mediation eliminates the uncertainty and risk of a jury verdict. No one knows who will show up for jury duty and ultimately be seated in the jury box. It could be a highly empathetic jury willing to award a large verdict or a conservative jury inclined to favor the defendant doctor. No one knows. With mediation, there is no need to choose a jury, which is significantly more difficult in a medical malpractice context. Plaintiffs want jurors who can understand medical issues, have broad life experience, and a team player mentality — and who may be skeptical of the medical community. Defendants want jurors who will identify with the defense and may be more vested with the medical community. Regardless of how the jury is stacked, however, a favorable jury verdict for either side is impossible to predict.
Mediation also eliminates the potential impact (either positive or negative) of a defendant physician testifying. While many doctors perform well on the stand, others can be perceived as arrogant; as lacking empathy; or seeming callous or evasive, all of which can lead to unpredictable verdicts, not to mention harm to their reputation. Despite this, most jurors tend to have a bias or leaning towards doctors and medical professionals. Historically speaking, 80% of medical malpractice cases typically result in defense verdicts but based on a host of recent verdicts around Georgia, jurors seem to be more open to holding doctors accountable.
Issues Unique to Medical Malpractice Cases
Several factors can affect the ability to mediate a medical malpractice case. If the defendant’s malpractice insurance policy contains a “consent to settle” provision, the defendant physician can refuse to settle and insist on going to trial, even if the insurance company wants to settle. The issue of whether a defendant doctor made an independent, informed decision to withhold consent may serve as the basis for a bad faith claim against an insurer in the event of an excess judgment against the healthcare professional.
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One of my favorite exercises to conduct in negotiation or conflict resolution training consists of showing my audience the famous gorilla video, created by the Visual Cognition Lab at the...By Diane J. Levin