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Do Women Shy Away From Mediation?

Why do separating and divorcing women shy away from divorce mediation? Surely, we cannot conclude that women are uncomfortable in collaborative settings. Or that women are resistant to processes that involve expression of feelings and ideas. Or that women are opposed to problem solving.

Psychology and sociology tell quite a different story. After all, it is women who are the predominant participants in support groups, who reach out to others in their endorsement of open communication and exchange of ideas. So, I ask again, why do women shy away from divorce mediation?

The answer is simple, if surprising. Women believe that mediation is something like a venus fly trap. The appearance is beguiling, but the results are deadly. Relatives and friends are the messengers who strive to protect the divorcing women, warning that they will only end up getting taken in the mediation setting, that their concern for fairness and openness will leave them holding the short end of the stick, and especially that they will trade child-related advantages for monetary exchanges. “So”, we should ask these good-doers, “what is a woman to do?” “Stick it to him, ” they respond. And, “what if a woman is not the warrior type?  What’s she to do?” “Hire a gladiator of course.” “No dirty hands for our lady”.

Whether or not women actually buy this argument is less clear. The pressure is, however, great and often insistent. For example, one 45-year old professional woman in mediation told how her father called nightly to warn her of the folly of her ways. For individuals going through a separation, the last thing they need is to expend more energy advocating for the “goodness” of their choices or to feel as if they are 12 years old again. They need supporters, not doomsayers.

But perhaps the most important questions to ask is what is the real scope on mediation? Does it render women powerless? Do they get a “less” good deal because they picked the “nice” route?

Mediation may be a collaborative process for decision making, but it is not based on an outer world philosophy in which legal entitlements and laws are trampled in the name of communication. Participants do not relinquish their right to legal counsel. The law is alive and well in mediation. The approach is however different, as is the focus. In mediation, couples look at the well-being of the family unit, what it will take to forge new lives. Often the final agreements display creativity of ideas and solutions. But creativity does not translate into doing “less well” or “giving in”. There are real reasons why mediation agreements outlast litigation documents. Why mediation participants attest to significantly higher levels of satisfaction. Why women (and men) feel empowered by the process. Why post-divorce relationships tend to be more supportive and children continue to have two cooperating parents. The answer is obvious. An agreement crafted from the hard work and the participation of two parties, not a battle waged in the name of justice or revenge, ultimately makes more sense.

It is the mediator’s responsibility to make sure that women and men have the knowledge and the know-how to make intelligent choices, that both parties understand their options and opportunities. It is each participant’s responsibility to structure an agreement, built on knowledge and understanding, that provides the supports necessary for each one to build a new future.


Lynne Halem

Dr. Lynne C. Halem is the director at the Centre for Mediation & Dispute Resolution in Wellesley, MA. Dr. Halem has worked in the mediation field since 1982. She is on the Family Dispute Service Panel of the American Arbitration Association and a past board member of the Divorce Center,… MORE

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