Find Mediators Near You:

Nonverbal Communication, Difficult Conversations (and autonomous cars)

Blog by Lorraine Segal

Nonverbal communication is important for difficult conversations (and autonomous cars). Whenever I teach conflict and communication skills classes or coach someone, I always include the important role nonverbal communication plays.

What’s so important about nonverbal communication anyway?

Nonverbal communication includes body language, gestures, facial expressions, and tone. Albert Mehrabian did a famous study in the 60s about the varying importance of these three different aspects for communication. His findings, which have been confirmed since, indicate that, when words, tone, and nonverbals don’t match, people interpret meaning most from body language and facial expressions, followed by tone, and lastly the actual words used.

Autonomous cars can’t do non verbal communication.

I was reminded of how important non verbal communication is for our human understanding when I read an article recently about autonomous (self-driving) cars. Apparently, at this point the most difficult part of having the cars function well on the road is figuring out ways to substitute for all the nonverbal communication that happens between different drivers and between drivers and pedestrians. For example, before entering the crosswalk, as a pedestrian I will make eye contact with the driver and make sure they see me. When cars approach a stop sign at the same time, they signal each other about who gets to go first.

Driverless cars don’t have faces.

The driverless cars don’t have faces and hands, so they’re working to develop alternative ways that the cars can signal their intention and graciously yield to others.

So cars aside, why is non verbal communication so important in managing conflict?

I worked recently with a corporation (all details changed) where there’s been quite a bit of friction between one of the department heads, John, and Rebecca, one of the employees in his group. Rebecca has a lot of resentment towards what she perceives as unfair treatment by John, and a lot of judgments about his leadership style. She believed she was behaving in a completely professional way, but didn’t realize how her tone, expression, and negative attitude were more powerful than her words, and she came across as angry, critical, and grudging.

Although the goal was to help her communicate better with John, I generally find it most effective to coach people individually first, to help them become aware of what’s going on inside and what energy they are projecting.

So how can you change the message of your non verbals?

With Rebecca, I brought her non verbal communication gently,  to her attention, supporting her to become conscious of her resentments, and then heal and release them. Then, we rehearsed possible situations and she practiced having her nonverbal communication matched her intent and the words she used. Recognizing her part in their miscommunications and dealing with her resentments helped her be clear and calm in their communication and was a big step towards improving their relationship.


Lorraine Segal

After surviving the 50's and 60's, as well as twenty years in toxic academia as a tenured professor, Lorraine Segal was inspired to started her own business, Conflict Remedy (, happily teaching, coaching, blogging and consulting around workplace conflict transformation. She is addicted to reading novels and enjoys walking and… MORE >

Featured Mediators

View all

Read these next


Conflict in Context

IndisputablyOne of the reasons I feel so strongly about the value of the Stone Soup Project is that it inspires us to develop deeper understandings about how conflicts unfold.  I have encouraged...

By John Lande

Jay Folberg: Let Clients Decide – Video

Jay Folberg talks about a client-centered approach where the parties (and lawyers) should choose the kind of process and style they want in a mediation.

By Jay Folberg

Use and Perception of International Commercial Mediation and Conciliation: An Empirical Study

Disputing Blog by Karl Bayer, Victoria VanBuren, and Holly HayesS.I. Strong, Associate Professor of Law and Senior Fellow, Center for the Study of Dispute Resolution at the University of Missouri...

By Beth Graham